Variable Speed Drives (VSDs), also known as adjustable speed drives, are large industrial electric motors whose speed can be adjusted by means of an external controller. They are used in process control and help saving energy in plants that use many powerful electric motors. The use of adjustable speed in process control matches the motor speed to the required tasks and may compensate for changes in the process’s variables. Download Sample Copy Many fixed-speed motor load applications that are supplied directly from AC line power can save energy when they are operated at variable speed by means of VFD. Such energy cost savings are especially pronounced in variable-torque centrifugal fan and pump applications, where the load's torque and power vary with the square and cube, respectively, of the speed. This change gives a large power reduction compared to fixed-speed operation for a relatively small reduction in speed. For example, at 63% speed, a motor load consumes only 25% of its full-speed power. This reduction is in accordance with affinity laws that define the relationship between various centrifugal load variables. In the United States, an estimated 60-65% of electrical energy is used to supply motors, 75% of which are the variable-torque fan, pump, and compressor loads. Eighteen percent of the energy used in the 40 million motors in the U.S. could be saved by efficient energy improvement technologies such as VFDs. Only about 3% of the total installed base of AC motors are provided with AC drives. However, it is estimated that drive technology is adopted in as many as 30-40% of all newly installed motors. Segmentation by product type: DC Motor Drives AC Motor Drives Segmentation by application: General Industry Household Appliances Textile Machinery Others Read More..